The 1991 Laureates / Advanced Technology Category / Materials Science and Engineering

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Michael Szwarc

U.S.A. / June 9, 1909-2000
Macromolecular Chemist; Professor, University of Southern California

“Pioneering Contribution to Research and Development of Polymeric Materials by Discovering "Living Polymerization"”
A chemist who has made an outstanding contribution to research and development of polymeric materials for materials science, he is best known for discovering "living polymerization," paving the way for new functional materials with indispensable applications in advanced technology, and providing many scientists and engineers (particularly polymer scientists) with significant and unprecedented methodologies for the design and synthesis of new polymeric materials.

BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

1909
Born in Poland
1932
Graduated from Warsaw Polytechnic College, Poland
1942
Ph.D., Organic Chemistry, Hebrew University, Israel
1947
D. Sc., Physical Chemistry, University of Manchester, England
1953
Professor, The State University of New York
Director, The Polymer Research Center, The State University of New York
present
Professor, The Hydrocarbon Research Institute, University of Southern California

AWARDS AND HONORS

1966
Fellow of the Royal Society, London
1969
Witco Award in Polymer Chemistry, The American Chemical Society
1972
International Award in Plastics Science and Engineering
1988
Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences
1990
Award of the Division of Polymer Chemistry, The American Chemical Society
1991
Honorary Fellow of the Society of Polymer Science, Japan

MAJOR WORKS

1956
Living Polymers. Nature. Vol. 178
1956
Polymerization initiated by electron transfer to monomer: A new method of preparation of block polymers. Journal of the American Chemical Society. Vol. 78 (with Levy, M. et al.)
1959
Block polymers of ethylene oxide and its analogues with styrene. Transactions of the Faraday Society. Vol.55 (with Richards, D.H.)
1968
Carbanions, living polymers and electrontransfer processes. Wiley-Interscience
1972
Ions and ion pairs in organic reactions. (Ed.) Wiley-Interscience
1988
Developments in anionic polymerization: A critical review. Advances in Polymer Science. Vol.86
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