The 1991 Laureates / Basic Sciences Category / Earth and Planetary Sciences, Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Edward Norton Lorenz

U.S.A. / May 23, 1917-2008
Meteorologist; Professor Emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

“Outstanding Contribution to Earth Science and Mathematical Science by the Development of Theoretical Basis of Numerical Study in Meteorology and the Discovery of Deterministic Chaos”
A meteorologist who established the theoretical basis of weather and climate predictability, as well as the basis for computer-aided atmospheric physics and meteorology. He made his boldest scientific achievement in discovering "deterministic chaos," a principle which has profoundly influenced a wide range of basic sciences and brought about one of the most dramatic changes in mankind's view of nature since Sir Isaac Newton.

BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

1917
Born in Connecticut, U.S.A.
1938
A.B. (Mathematics), Dartmouth College
1948
Sc. D. (Meteorology), M.I.T.
1946-1955
Research Staff, M.I.T.
1962
Professor, M.I.T.
1981
Professor Emeritus, M.I.T.

AWARDS AND HONORS

1969
Carl Gustaf Rossby Research Medal, American Meteorological Society
1973
Symons Memorial Gold Medal, Royal Mateorological Society
1975
Fellow, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.)
1981
Member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
1983
Crafoord Prize, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
1984
Honorary Member, Royal Mateorological Society

MAJOR WORKS

1955
Available potential energy and the maintenance of the general circulation. Tellus. Vol.7
1963
Deterministic nonperiodic flow. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences. Vol.20
1967
The nature and theory of the general circulation of atmosphere. World Meteorological Organization. No.218
1969
Three approaches to atmospheric predictability. Bull. American Meteorological Society. Vol.50
1976
Nondeterministic theories of climate change. Quaternary Research. Vol.6
1990
Can chaos and intransitivity lead to interannual variability? Tellus. Vol.42A
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