The 1995 Laureates / Advanced Technology Category / Materials Science and Engineering

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George William Gray

U.K. / September 4, 1926
Chemist; Professor Emeritus, The University of Hull

“Fundamental Contribution to Research and Development of Liquid Crystal Materials by Establishing the Practical Molecular Design Methods”
A chemist who has made fundamental contributions to research and development of liquid crystal materials, the key component of liquid crystal displays, which have become an indispensable part of today's information-based society. He founded and organized the science of liquid crystal materials, and established practical molecular design methods for the application of these materials.

BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

1926
Born in Scotland, U.K.
1946
B.Sc. University of Glasgow
1953
Ph.D. University of London
1960
Senior Lecturer, University of Hull
1978
Professor of Organic Chemistry, University of Hull
1990
Professor Emeritus, University of Hull
1993
Research Consultant, Merck Ltd.

AWARDS AND HONORS

1979,1992
Queen's Awards
1983
Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)
1987
Leverhulme Gold Medallist of the Royal Society
1991
Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE)
1993,1994
Gold Medal Lecture to the Society of Chemical Industry

MAJOR WORKS

1973
New Family of Nematic Liquid Crystals for Displays (with K. Harrison, J. Nash.) Electron Letts., 9.
1976
A Liquid Crystal Mixture for Use in Smectic Liquid Crystal Display Devices (with A. Mosley). J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 147.
1979
Liquid Crystal Compounds Incorporating the trans-1, 4-Substituted Cyclohexane Ring System (with D. McDonnell). Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 53.
1989
The Synthesis and Transition Temperatures of Some 4,4"-dialkyl-and 4,4"-aldoxyalkyl-1,1': 4',1"-terphenyls with 2, 3 or 2', 3'-difluoro substituents and of their biphenyl analogues (with M. Hird, D. Lacey and K. Toyne). J.Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. II.
1990
Synthesis and Properties of Some Novel Ferroelectric Materials-Hosts and Dopants (with M. Hird, D. Lacey and K. Toyne). Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 191.
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