The 2001 Laureates / Basic Sciences Category / Biological Sciences (Evolution, Behavior, Ecology, Environment)

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John Maynard Smith

U. K. / January 6, 1920-2004
Evolutional Biologist; Professor Emeritus, University of Sussex

"Outstanding contribution to evolutionary biology by proposing the idea of the evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS)"
Professor Maynard Smith has made a groundbreaking contribution to the establishment of a unified understanding of fundamental issues in evolutionary biology, including social activities of organisms and the essence of the evolution of sexual reproduction, by proposing the idea of the evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS). In doing so, he has not only immensely contributed to the development of biological sciences,but he has also had major impact on other disciplines including economics and politics.

BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

1920
Born in London, England
1941
B.A. in Engineering, University of Cambridge
1941-1947
Aircraft Engineer
1951
B.Sc. in Zoology, University College London (UCL), University of London
1952-1965
Lecturer in Zoology, UCL
1965-1985
Professor of Biology, University of Sussex
1965-1972
First Dean, School of Biological Science, University of Sussex
1985-present
Professor Emeritus, University of Sussex

AWARDS AND HONORS

1977
Fellow, The Royal Society
1986
Darwin Medal, The Royal Society
1990
Frink Medal, Zoological Society, London
1991
Balzan Prize, Italy
1995
The Linnean Medal, The Linnean Society, London
1995
The ASAB Medal, The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour,
U. K.
Foreign Members:
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Honorary Doctors:
University of Kent, University of Oxford, University of Chicago, University of Sussex, University of Edinburgh

MAJOR WORKS

Books
 
1983
Evolution and the Theory of Games, Cambridge University Press
1989
Evolutionary Genetics, Oxford University Press
1995
The Major Transitions in Evolution, W. H. Freeman
Papers
 
1964
Group selection and kin selection, Nature, 200
1968
Evolution in sexual and asexual populations, The American Naturalist, 102
1973
The logic of animal conflict. Nature, 246
1977
Parental investment: a prospective analysis, Animal Behaviour, 25
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