The 2003 Laureates / Advanced Technology Category / Materials Science and Engineering

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George McClelland Whitesides

U.S.A. / August 3, 1939
Chemist; Professor, Harvard University

"Outstanding contribution to nanomaterials science through the development of organic molecular self-assembly techniques"
With a broad perspective ranging from pure chemistry to materials engineering, Professor Whitesides has studied key processes by which organic molecules self-assemble on inorganic materials to form ultrathin film structures. Through the systematic investigation of the phenomena that take place on the interface between these materials, he has developed outstanding methods to control and utilize these self-assembly processes. In particular, he has demonstrated through a series of unique experiments that such technology can be used to form nanometer-scale functional materials. These efforts have opened a new domain of research in the field of nanomaterials based on organic molecules and have contributed greatly to the advancement of materials science as a whole.

BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

1939
Born in Louisville, Kentucky
1960
A.B., Harvard University
1964
Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
1963-1969
Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1969-1973
Associate Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1974-1982
Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1982-
Professor, Department of Chemistry, Harvard University
1986-1989
Department Chairman, Harvard University
Present
Mallinckrodt Professor of Chemistry, Harvard University

SELECTED AWREDS AND HONORS

1975
Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1978
Elected to National Academy of Sciences
1989
Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award, American Chemical Society
1995
Arthur C. Cope Award, American Chemical Society
1998
United States National Medal of Science
2000
The Von Hippel Award, Materials Research Society
2001
World Technology Award for Materials, World Technology Network

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

1988
Monolayer Films Prepared by the Spontaneous Self-Assembly of Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Dialkyl Sulfides from Solution onto Gold Substrates: Structure, Properties, and Reactivity of Constituent Functional Groups (with Troughton, E. B. and others). Langmuir4: 365-385.
1991
Molecular Self-Assembly and Nanochemistry: A Chemical Strategy for the Synthesis of Nanostructures (with Mathais, J. P. and Seto, C. T.). Science254: 1312-1319.
1993
Features of Gold Having Micrometer to Centimeter Dimensions Can Be Formed through a Combination of Stamping with an Elastomeric Stamp and an Alkanethiol Ink Followed by Chemical Etching (with Kumar, A.). Appl. Phys. Lett.115: 5877-5878.
1997
Self-Assembly of Mesoscale Objects into Ordered Two-Dimensional Arrays (with Bowden, N. and others). Science276: 233-235.
1998
Soft Lithography (with Xia, Y.). Angew Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 37: 551-575.
2002
Self-Assembly at All Scales (with Grzybowski, B.). Science295: 2418-2421.
2002
Chaotic Mixer for Microchannels (with Stroock, A. D. and others). Science295: 647-651.
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